News>A-10C Student Pilots Reach Course Milestone: Airborne Refueling
Three A-10C Thunderbolt IIs fly in formation beside a KC-135 during an aerial refueling mission in the Tombstone Military Operating Area in Southern Arizona April 27. Six pilots from the 358th Fighter Squadron completed their first aerial refueling mission as part of their A-10C Pilot Initial Qualification course to become fully qualified A-10C attack pilots. (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman Jerilyn Quintanilla)
1st Lt. Dan Griffin, a pilot assigned to the 358th Fighter Squadron, readies his A-10C beneath the boom of a KC-135 to receive 2,000 pounds of fuel during an aerial refueling mission in the Tombstone Military Operating Area in Southern Arizona April 27. Lieutenant Griffin is a student in the A-10C Pilot Initial Qualification course and was one of six pilots from his squadron to refuel for the first time. Upon completion of the course in August he will become a fully qualified A-10C attack pilot. (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman Jerilyn Quintanilla)
Capt. Jeanie Moughan, wife of Capt. Pete Moughan, a student assigned to the 358th Fighter Squadron, watches as her husband refuels for the first time during an aerial refueling mission in the Tombstone Military Operating Area in Southern Arizona April 27. Six pilots from the 358th Fighter Squadron completed their first aerial refueling mission as part of their A-10C Pilot Initial Qualification course to become fully qualified A-10C attack pilots. (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman Jerilyn Quintanilla)
A KC-135 Stratotanker from the 117th Air Refueling Squadron, based out of Forbes Field, Kan., refuels an A-10C Thunderbolt II from the 355th Fighter Wing in the Tombstone Military Operating Area in Southern Arizona April 27. The crew and KC-135 supported refueling missions throughout the week so students enrolled in the A-10C Pilot Initial Qualification course could accomplish their first-ever air-to-air refueling. (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman Jerilyn Quintanilla)
by Capt. Stacie N. Shafran
355th Fighter Wing Public Affairs
5/4/2010 - DAVIS-MONTHAN AIR FORCE BASE, Ariz. -- Nearly 18,000 feet above Southern Arizona's desert landscape, students in the A-10C Pilot Initial Qualification course here completed their first air-to-air refueling mission during the week of April 26.
Twelve pilots from the 358th Fighter Squadron and 13 from the 357th Fighter Squadron are enrolled in the six-and-a-half month course.
Upon graduation in August, they will be fully trained A-10C pilots skilled in instrument flying, basic fighter maneuvers, basic surface attack tactics, and close air support.
In order to attain proficiency in the various A-10C missions, the 355th Fighter Wing maintains a fleet of almost 90 A-10s that make up three A-10C squadrons. The 357th and 358th are both formal training units (FTU), while the 354th Fighter Squadron is one of only five active-duty operational squadrons -- ready to deploy at a moment's notice.
One of the tasks required for graduation is air-to-air refueling.
For 1st Lt. Daniel Griffin, a student assigned to the 358th Fighter Squadron, refueling for the first time was one of the things he looked forward to during the program. Prior to the flight, he practiced in a simulator, studied pictures showing what refueling should look like, and learned all he could from the experienced pilots in his squadron, to include his assigned instructor pilot, Capt. Jason Bartels.
"Prior to my first refueling flight I was very nervous, but we prepared a lot. The thing I was most nervous about was not being able to connect with the tanker and having trouble flying smoothly up to the connection from the astern position," said Lieutenant Griffin, who flew the A-10C for the first time March 24.
To complete the air-to-air refueling mission, the students, along with their instructor pilots, launched from Davis-Monthan's runway and flew to the Tombstone Military Operating Area in Southern Arizona where they linked up with a KC-135 Stratotanker. The tanker and its crew were from the Kansas Air National Guard's 117th Air Refueling Squadron based out of Forbes Field, Kan.
Refueling is essential to the A-10's wartime mission. It is a force enabler, which allows the "mighty Hog" to stay aloft in an over-watch position almost indefinitely, protecting U.S. and Coalition service members.
Upon graduation, the pilots will be ready to support the wartime mission, which can require multiple refuelings over the course of an eight-hour mission.
To demonstrate proficiency, students needed to successfully hook-up and take on fuel from the boom for approximately two minutes. They repeated this process twice, receiving a total of 2,000 pounds of gas.
While airborne, the A-10s connected to the KC-135 via a boom and receptacle system. This system uses a rigid, telescoping tube that an in-flight refueling specialist, also known as the boom operator, inserts into a receptacle on the topside of the A-10's nose.
If all of this sounds challenging, it is.
"It would be equivalent to you driving down the road, next to another car, both windows rolled down. The person in the passing lane is staring at that (other) car without looking down the highway and maintaining his lane -- and then passing objects between the two cars while you're traveling down the road at 70 mph," said Capt. Jason Bartels, 358th Fighter Squadron instructor pilot and Lieutenant Griffin's assigned IP.
While approaching the boom, the students used visual references to position their aircraft and they also received guidance from both the boom operator and instructor pilot via radio.
"When I was under the boom it was really exciting. I talked myself through the process and at the same time my instructor was talking me through it," said Lieutenant Griffin, who refueled on April 27. "When I finally connected it was a lot easier than I thought it would be because once the boom connects it kind of holds on to the A-10 a little bit. You can gauge where you are, not only by the boom operator telling you some directions to go, but there are colors on the boom that tell you how far you are out and on the belly of the tanker there are some indicator lights."
Capt. Jeanie Moughan, wife of Capt. Pete Moughan, a student assigned to the 358th Fighter Squadron, flew aboard the tanker April 27 to learn more about the refueling mission. She also had the unique opportunity to not only watch her husband fly, but also refuel for his first time.
"I was excited and proud of him," she said. "All I have been able to see prior to this mission was him taxi on the runway and takeoff - so it was really cool to see him in the air and hear him on the radio."
She said her husband spent the night before practicing for the mission by "chair flying" in their kitchen. While listening to him on the radio, she could hear his breathing intensify as he flew up to the boom.
"I could see and hear that he was nervous," she said with a smile. "They're all perfectionists and want to get it right."
Between now and graduation the students will fire the A-10's 30 mm GAU-8/A seven-barrel Gatling gun, air-to-air refuel at night, and work with joint terminal attack controllers during a simulated combat situation.
To learn more about Lieutenant Griffin's journey to becoming a fully qualified A-10C attack pilot follow along with the series called "Behind the Scenes: The Making of an A-10C Pilot" on www.dm.af.mil.